INSIGHT Into Acute Coronary Syndromes: Myocardial Infarction

Source: Wikipedia Commons

Source: Wikipedia Commons

ACUTE coronary syndrome generally refers a group of signs and symptoms caused by coronary artery disease. It can be traced to dysfunction or death of part of cardiac muscle. Clinical manifestations of acute coronary syndrome often include nausea, sweating, chest pains amongst other.  

Myocardial infarction (also known as heart attack) is a notable form of acute coronary syndrome whereby there is necrosis of cardiac muscle often due to disruption of blood flow. It can largely be classed into ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI); a classification based on the appearance of the electrocardiogram (a graphical measure of cardiac rhythms).  

Lifestyle factors play a significant role in the development of myocardial infarction. These are thought to accelerate the rate of damage to arteries mainly damage caused by atherosclerosis (the build up of fatty deposits is blood vessels). Atherosclerotic deposits may form a clot which can rupture; leading to an acute coronary event. 

Some main ways of controlling risk factors for the development of  acute coronary syndrome include exercising, eating well, treating underlying vascular conditions, regulating cholesterol levels amongst others. This is often done alongside using medicines such as antiplatelets and antithrombolytics. Particularly in serious cases, percutaneous coronary intervention may be carried out to mechanically open up blocked blood vessels. The objective of managing these conditions is to support recovery, manage pain as well as decrease mortality. 

If in need of health advise about you risk of coronary artery disease be sure to seek help from health workers at your local pharmacy or clinic. 

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