MANAGING Living With Complications Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – Part1

Source: Wikipedia Commons

Source: Wikipedia Commons

TYPE 2 diabetes mellitus is the term generally used to refer to the form of diabetes which tends to develop in those over the age of 40; it may develop in younger people as well (this is called maturity -onset diabetes of the young). It is one of the most common forms of diabetes. This form of diabetes mellitus, is thought to arise due to dysfunction in the metabolism of carbohydrate (that is sugars in the body are not sufficiently utilised to produce energy) which can be traced to an impairment in the ability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin to meet the body’s requirements or the body becomes unresponsive to the action of insulin. 

The subsequent build-up of sugar may cause it to be present in the blood and urine. This can give rise to certain signs and symptoms including frequent urination, lethargy and thirst; where fat is used as an alternative energy source, this may cause acid-base imbalance, build-up of ketones in the blood and a period of unconsciousness (referred to as diabetic coma). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is thought to be triggered by a combination of genetic and environmental factors such as stress. The condition maybe treated with hypoglycaemic drugs and/or insulin, specific dietary changes (e.g low carbohydrate diet), physical workouts amongst others  

Complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus may develop if glycaemic level is not sufficiently controlled for a prolonged period of time. Where complications exist these are typically managed based on the nature of the condition and each individual patient’s needs.  

 

 

 

 

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