TEN Diseases Of Female Reproductive System – Part 1
WOMEN often are faced with different disorders to do with their reproductive system. Below are some of the most popular ones:
- Vulvovaginitis: This is an irritation of the vagina and vulva. It may arise from irritants such as bath and laundry soaps or cleaning from back to front. Sufferers commonly experience itching and unusual vaginal secretions. It may arise due to excessive growth of fungus that is a normal part of the vaginal flora.
- Non-menstrual vaginal bleeding: This is frequently due to a foreign object being lodged in the vagina. It can also arise due to trauma from sexual assault or another injury. A condition whereby the mucous membranes of the urethra projects into the vagina and forms a swollen mass may also cause vaginal bleeding. An investigation is usually needed to determine the root cause of non-menstrual bleeds.
- Ectopic pregnancy: A condition whereby a fertilized egg embeds on a site outside the uterus. It may occur when a zygote doesn’t arrive at the uterus but remains in the uterus, the Fallopian tube or implants in the wall of the abdomen. The most common form is a tubal pregnancy whereby the Fallopian tubes become inflamed or blocked. The growth of a foetus may cause the tube to perforate and bleed. Women with this disorder can have severe abdominal pain requiring medical attention. Prompt identification enables early treatment which could preserve fertility.
- Ovarian cancer: A malignant growth in the ovary, it often leads to abdominal pain and swellings which can be felt in the abdomen. As a disease ovarian cancer is not fully understood and it is not easily detected in the early stages of the disease. Diagnosis involves locating a mass which protrudes from the pelvis. Treatment often requires pharmaceutical intervention with chemotherapy.
- Ovarian cysts: Non-cancerous sacs in the ovary filled with fluid or semi-solid masses, it may manifest in a number of forms. The most popular is a follicular cyst which arises from a Graaffian follicle that does not get released. It may burst leading to pain. On the other hand, a luteal cyst arises when an egg is released but does not breakdown instead fills with blood and fluid. It often occurs on one part of the ovary and is asymptomatic. Most ovarian cysts are not malignant but grow to a large size resulting in swelling of the abdominal cavity and increased pressure on organs. The growth may move around and disrupt blood flow. This may give rise to nausea, vomiting and severe abdominal pain. If cysts become painful and do not resolve themselves, the use of contraceptive pills is often recommended.