FIVE Top Ways Of Lowering Your Chances Of Developing Kidney Diseases 

Source: Wikipedia Commons

Source: Wikipedia Commons

 

THE kidney refers to the organs responsible for the removal of nitrogenous waste such as urea from the blood. This excretion process is important for the maintenance of health and well being. Thus keeping the kidney in good working order is critical. Below are a few ways by which the health of the kidney can be cared for: 

  1. Regularly check your blood pressure: A good range for blood pressure is between 90/60 mmHg and 120/90 mmHg. It is important to regularly check your blood pressure to ensure it is within this range. High blood sure is believed to damage the vessels of the kidney and is one of the leading causes of kidney diseases. It is often managed with a combination of medication and lifestyle modifications (such as limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking). Blood pressure checks are a key way to reduce your risk of kidney disease and can be done at no cost to you in some pharmacies and clinics. 
  2. Maintain healthy blood glucose levels: Along with high blood pressure uncontrolled blood glucose levels is another significant risk factor for the development of kidney disease. This is often managed with the use of dietary changes and (depending on the severity) anti-diabetic medicines. 
  3. Keep your fluid levels up: It is important to take sufficient amounts of fluid daily to avoid dehydration. Dehydrated kidneys are likely not to function as well as they should. It is advisable to make water the mainstay of how you achieve hydration.  
  4. Aim to maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight can place significant burden on the kidneys. A healthy weight can be achieved by watching what you eat and engaging in physical exercise. 
  5. Have your kidney function tested: If you feel you are at significant risk of having kidney disease it is important to get an assessment. This may be done in the following ways: 
  • Creatinine test: Creatinine is a waste product (from muscle metabolism) that usually excreted by the kidney. It is used to calculate your estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The eGFR test the kidneys efficiency at filtering wastes from the blood. 
  • A urine test for albumin:Albuminin the urine is an important signs of kidney damage. If there is an elevated amount of albumin in the urine, this could mean that the kidneys’ filtration process has been damaged. 

    Source: Wikipedia Commons

    Source: Wikipedia Commons

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